Thursday, May 28, 2020

Acing Your PhD Interview

While not all PhD programs require interviews, some do (including many overseas). If you’re invited to a PhD interview, take full advantage of the opportunity you’ve been given by preparing effectively – review your research on the department, prepare to talk about your PhD research goals, etc. (P.S. A mock interview can be helpful!). PhD interview must-know tips Here’s what you need to be prepared to discuss at your PhD Interview: Your PhD goals Why this PhD program Your research interests Important issues in your field Your PhD resume and statement of purpose Relevant grant projects Teaching/mentoring experiences Your fit with your target PhD program Questions about the PhD program Life as a PhD student A deeper look at the most common PhD interview topics Your PhD goals Be prepared to discuss why you want to pursue your PhD, what your short-term and long-term goals are, etc. At this stage in the admissions process, you should have already spent plenty of time thinking about and discussing your goals. Now is your opportunity to share these goals with an expert in your field. Be specific, use details, and show the breadth and depth of your passion and knowledge in the area. Why this PhD program Why did you choose this PhD program? Review your notes on the department, the research agendas of the faculty you’re interested in working with, etc. What unique opportunities would you have as a student in this department? Your research interests Be prepared to discuss your research interests – both your broad field and your specific research plans. What are your goals for your PhD? Whom do you want to work with? How will your work make a contribution to your field? What questions are most exciting to you? Important issues in your field Be ready to talk intelligently about the important issues/questions in your field. (If the interviewer mentions a book or article you’re not familiar with, don’t pretend to have read it – acknowledge you haven’t gotten to that article yet, but show that you’re interested in seeing how it relates to your work. If you can, refer to related articles or books that you have read.) Show that you’ve done research and that you are eager to continue researching and addressing issues or challenges in your field of interest. Your PhD resume and statement of purpose Review your CV and SOP. Be prepared to discuss the experiences that have prepared you for doctoral study (especially research work, your master’s thesis, undergrad thesis, any assistantships or significant fieldwork/labwork). If your CV has gaps – especially with regard to the specialized skills that are important in your field – be ready to explain how you have gained those skills (or will gain them prior to starting your degree). Relevant grant projects If you’re interviewing for a position on a grant-funded project, explain how your research goals relate to the goals of the project. This is especially pertinent overseas, where you may have applied for a PhD spot as part of a specific project. Teaching/mentoring experiences If the program expects PhD students to serve as teaching assistants, be prepared to talk about the teaching/mentoring experiences you’ve had and why you want to be a teacher/scholar). Your fit with your target PhD program By interviewing you, the department is also trying to get a sense of who you are as a person (and as a potential colleague). They might ask general questions about your experiences, your taste in books, your undergrad experience, etc. – just to start a conversation. Be yourself. Questions about the PhD program Remember that the interview is a two-way conversation – be ready to ask intelligent questions about the department. Don’t ask about things that you should already know from researching the program, such as basic requirements. (If the information is on the school’s website, then it qualifies as too basic.) Life as a PhD student If your interview is on campus, visiting is also a great opportunity to meet current students and get a feel for the campus and department community. You’ll be able to get a sense of how happy students seem, how stressed they are, how respected they seem to feel – factors you can’t learn without being there. You can also learn something about day-to-day life for a student in the program: Where do students and faculty live? What are their schedules like? Does the department seem like an environment you could flourish in for the next several years? An interview is a great opportunity for the PhD program to learn more about you – and for you to learn more about them. Take advantage of it! Prep for your PhD interview with an admissions expert The best way to prep for a PhD interview is to participate in a mock interview with a PhD admissions expert. That’s where we come in. Work one-on-one with an Accepted advisor to practice your interview, boost your confidence, and get the tools you need to truly impress the doctorate program adcom. Learn more about Accepted’s Mock Interview Services here. PhD Mock Interview client feedback Here is what a happy client says about his PhD interview prep experience: â€Å"I’m very fortunate to have worked with Dr. Barry Rothman. I was very anxious, not only because of the unpredictable nature of graduate program admissions, but because I had been rejected by all programs that I applied to during the last year. So I decided to find someone very experienced to guide me through the process. This year, I get offers from 7 fully-funded PhD programs, including University of Michigan, University of Southern California, NYU, Teachers College Columbia University, UC Davis, and others, and a Master’s program from Harvard University. I’m extremely happy about my results, which really boosts my confidence. I would strongly recommend Dr. Rothman for anyone looking for graduate school application consulting. He is super warm, caring, relatable, and understanding personally, and also professional to work with.† We look forward to helping you ace your interviews too! View our Mock Interview Services here. hbspt.cta.load(58291, '9004f4cf-75d9-4632-bd09-31047296393c', {}); By Dr. Rebecca Blustein, former Accepted admissions consultant. Dr. Blustein has a BA and PhD from UCLA in English and Comparative Literature. She formerly worked as a Student Affairs Officer at UCLA’s Scholarship Resource Center where she gained experience guiding applicants in areas of admissions and funding. Dr. Blustein’s clients have been accepted to top Master’s and PhD programs in dozens of fields across all disciplines.  Want an admissions expert help you get accepted? Click here to get in touch! Related Resources: †¢ Plotting Your Way to a PhD: 8 Topics in PhD Admissions,  a free guide †¢ Are You a Competitive PhD Applicant? †¢ How to Practice for a Video Interview or Essay Acing Your PhD Interview While not all PhD programs require interviews, some do (including many overseas). If you’re invited to a PhD interview, take full advantage of the opportunity you’ve been given by preparing effectively – review your research on the department, prepare to talk about your PhD research goals, etc. (P.S. A mock interview can be helpful!). PhD interview must-know tips Here’s what you need to be prepared to discuss at your PhD Interview: Your PhD goals Why this PhD program Your research interests Important issues in your field Your PhD resume and statement of purpose Relevant grant projects Teaching/mentoring experiences Your fit with your target PhD program Questions about the PhD program Life as a PhD student A deeper look at the most common PhD interview topics Your PhD goals Be prepared to discuss why you want to pursue your PhD, what your short-term and long-term goals are, etc. At this stage in the admissions process, you should have already spent plenty of time thinking about and discussing your goals. Now is your opportunity to share these goals with an expert in your field. Be specific, use details, and show the breadth and depth of your passion and knowledge in the area. Why this PhD program Why did you choose this PhD program? Review your notes on the department, the research agendas of the faculty you’re interested in working with, etc. What unique opportunities would you have as a student in this department? Your research interests Be prepared to discuss your research interests – both your broad field and your specific research plans. What are your goals for your PhD? Whom do you want to work with? How will your work make a contribution to your field? What questions are most exciting to you? Important issues in your field Be ready to talk intelligently about the important issues/questions in your field. (If the interviewer mentions a book or article you’re not familiar with, don’t pretend to have read it – acknowledge you haven’t gotten to that article yet, but show that you’re interested in seeing how it relates to your work. If you can, refer to related articles or books that you have read.) Show that you’ve done research and that you are eager to continue researching and addressing issues or challenges in your field of interest. Your PhD resume and statement of purpose Review your CV and SOP. Be prepared to discuss the experiences that have prepared you for doctoral study (especially research work, your master’s thesis, undergrad thesis, any assistantships or significant fieldwork/labwork). If your CV has gaps – especially with regard to the specialized skills that are important in your field – be ready to explain how you have gained those skills (or will gain them prior to starting your degree). Relevant grant projects If you’re interviewing for a position on a grant-funded project, explain how your research goals relate to the goals of the project. This is especially pertinent overseas, where you may have applied for a PhD spot as part of a specific project. Teaching/mentoring experiences If the program expects PhD students to serve as teaching assistants, be prepared to talk about the teaching/mentoring experiences you’ve had and why you want to be a teacher/scholar). Your fit with your target PhD program By interviewing you, the department is also trying to get a sense of who you are as a person (and as a potential colleague). They might ask general questions about your experiences, your taste in books, your undergrad experience, etc. – just to start a conversation. Be yourself. Questions about the PhD program Remember that the interview is a two-way conversation – be ready to ask intelligent questions about the department. Don’t ask about things that you should already know from researching the program, such as basic requirements. (If the information is on the school’s website, then it qualifies as too basic.) Life as a PhD student If your interview is on campus, visiting is also a great opportunity to meet current students and get a feel for the campus and department community. You’ll be able to get a sense of how happy students seem, how stressed they are, how respected they seem to feel – factors you can’t learn without being there. You can also learn something about day-to-day life for a student in the program: Where do students and faculty live? What are their schedules like? Does the department seem like an environment you could flourish in for the next several years? An interview is a great opportunity for the PhD program to learn more about you – and for you to learn more about them. Take advantage of it! Prep for your PhD interview with an admissions expert The best way to prep for a PhD interview is to participate in a mock interview with a PhD admissions expert. That’s where we come in. Work one-on-one with an Accepted advisor to practice your interview, boost your confidence, and get the tools you need to truly impress the doctorate program adcom. Learn more about Accepted’s Mock Interview Services here. PhD Mock Interview client feedback Here is what a happy client says about his PhD interview prep experience: â€Å"I’m very fortunate to have worked with Dr. Barry Rothman. I was very anxious, not only because of the unpredictable nature of graduate program admissions, but because I had been rejected by all programs that I applied to during the last year. So I decided to find someone very experienced to guide me through the process. This year, I get offers from 7 fully-funded PhD programs, including University of Michigan, University of Southern California, NYU, Teachers College Columbia University, UC Davis, and others, and a Master’s program from Harvard University. I’m extremely happy about my results, which really boosts my confidence. I would strongly recommend Dr. Rothman for anyone looking for graduate school application consulting. He is super warm, caring, relatable, and understanding personally, and also professional to work with.† We look forward to helping you ace your interviews too! View our Mock Interview Services here. hbspt.cta.load(58291, '9004f4cf-75d9-4632-bd09-31047296393c', {}); By Dr. Rebecca Blustein, former Accepted admissions consultant. Dr. Blustein has a BA and PhD from UCLA in English and Comparative Literature. She formerly worked as a Student Affairs Officer at UCLA’s Scholarship Resource Center where she gained experience guiding applicants in areas of admissions and funding. Dr. Blustein’s clients have been accepted to top Master’s and PhD programs in dozens of fields across all disciplines.  Want an admissions expert help you get accepted? Click here to get in touch! Related Resources: †¢ Plotting Your Way to a PhD: 8 Topics in PhD Admissions,  a free guide †¢ Are You a Competitive PhD Applicant? †¢ How to Practice for a Video Interview or Essay

Saturday, May 16, 2020

The Kite Runner By Khaled Hossieni - 920 Words

Within any person’s life, he or she will face firsthand struggles mentally of guilt. Therefore, they want to redeem themselves of their actions. In The Kite Runner, written by Khaled Hossieni, the theme of redemption is evident through Amir’s actions. Amir craves the affection and attention of his father, Baba, which he rarely gets. His mother died after he was born, and he thinks that his father’s affection is lessened because he thinks it is his fault. In the process of obtaining Baba’s affections, Amir did not realize that his actions would hurt his friend, Hassan. All of the years that Amir has been away from Kabul, Afghanistan, the overwhelming feelings of his guilt and betrayal build up until he is not able to stand it anymore. He is appalled at his actions as a child, and wishes to return in order to gain closure. Baba one told him â€Å"A boy who won’t stand up for himself becomes a man who can’t stand up to anything.† (24) Amir had chance after chance to redeem himself from his selfish ways while he was young. He did not realize the long term effect of his actions. It is not often that one will ask themselves about the consequence of what they are about to do. Maybe it is that red-light they are about to run; they are not thinking of the future ticket they will pay or the potential wreck they will cause. The night in the alley set the standard for how Amir would live his life. After the kite flying competition, Hassan takes the kite, but he vows toShow MoreRelatedKhaled Hossieni s The Kite Runner1433 Words   |  6 PagesKhaled Hossieni was born in 1965 in Kabul, Afghanistan. He is a successful physician however, he is better known for his vivid Afghan based novels. Growing up his father was a diplomat and his mother was a school teacher. They had to move around often for his father’s job and in 1976, they moved to Paris and his father worked at the Afghan embassy there. Due to the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in 1979, it was unsafe for the family to return home. They sought out safety and moved to San Jose, CaliforniaRead MoreForever Typing: Use of Fatherhood in â€Å"The Kite Runner†1162 Words   |  5 Pagesâ€Å"The Kite Runner† by Kahleed Hosseini has been deemed a ‘big hit’ by Craig Wilson, journalist for USA Today, selling more than 1.4 million copies, and requiring 17 printings at the time the article was printed, April, 2005. Some have called it a â€Å"certifiable phenomena for a first-time author in today’s anemic book market† (Singh), others still have said â€Å"is about the price of peace, both personal and political† (Hill). Hosseini has already made himself a success with The Kite Runner. Hosseini, inRead MoreThe Kite Runner By Khaled Hosseini929 Words   |  4 Pages The Kite Runner by Khaled Hosseini is a tragic tale of guilt and redemption. The book details the life of Amir as he wrestles w ith the guilt of seeing Hassan raped, and later redeems himself by helping Hassan’s son Sohrab cope with extreme abuse at the hands of Assef. While some would argue the main theme of the book is redemption, I believe that the theme is simple: the past does define us, but it is through the past that we find ultimate significance. Clearly through the journey of Amir, HosseiniRead MoreTheme Of Violence In The Kite Runner1133 Words   |  5 Pagesone trait in common; To be accepted. Although, in trying to become accepted, we can lose friendships and trust from people we love, but far worse we could lose ourselves, trying to be accepted for someone we are not. In the novel â€Å"The Kite Runner† by Khaled Hossieni, we as the reader see many different situations in witch Amir is putting his real self aside and taking his anger out and betraying someone very close to Baba and Amir himself, closer than the reader and the protagonist Amir will learnRead MoreEssay on The Kite Runner Relationship and Symbolism1662 Words   |  7 Pagesin ‘The Kite Runner’ to present key relationships? You should consider different reader responses and the extent to which your critical approach assists your interpretation. In Khaled Hosseini’s novel, ‘The Kite Runner’, it is often thought that symbols and metaphors are used as visual representations to reinforce and put emphasis on important stages in the novel. In can be seen that symbols are used in the novel to highlight particular moments in key relationships. For example Kites, the PomegranateRead More The Power of Words Essay2225 Words   |  9 Pagestraveling down the road after a catastrophic event. To â€Å"carry the fire† was the boys main concern and those words meant a world of difference (McCarthy np). It gave the man and his son the strength and encouragement to just keep going. Khaled Hossieni’s novel The Kite Runner used the repetition of the saying â€Å"for you a thousand times over† to induce an overwhelming response in the reader’s emotions through the use of irony (Hosseini np). The huge power of words in literature, speeches, songs, and sermonsRead MoreFather Son Relations in the K ite Runner2966 Words   |  12 Pagesacorn does not fall far from the tree,† suggest that parents and lineage are the greatest influence. Others believe that role models are more influential. Another clichà © â€Å"like father, like son† did not derive out of nowhere. The book, The Kite Runner, by Khaled Hossieni, exemplifies this belief. Early in their relationship, the protagonists, father Baba and son Amir appear very different. Amir glorifies his father but is disappointed when it is not reciprocated. Despite their initial differences, their

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Media Release Destination Brisbane Consortium - 1476 Words

Media Release: Destination Brisbane Consortium captures the bids to develop Brisbane Queen’s Wharf Release Date: Sunday, September 6 2015, 20:12 PM The Queensland Government and Destination Brisbane Consortium cooperate to provide a world class tourism destination in 2007 and expected to finish in 2022 using the multi-billion dollars which are generously supplied by Echo Entertainment Group, Far Fast Consortium (Australia) and Chow Tai Fook Enterprise (Statedevelopment.qld.gov.au, 2015). Queen’s Wharf Brisbane provides a great economic growth for Queensland and it will take place in Queen’s Wharf Brisbane (Statedevelopment.qld.gov.au, 2015). Australia residents and tourists who visit Brisbane will see a new face of Brisbane, developed facilities like new pedestrian bridge to Southbank or Miller park and multiple public events are also provided. Five new hotels including the world famous Ritz-Carlton and a five star Rosewood hotel, fifty new restaurants and bars, and the world largest nightly water and light show are coming to Brisbane (Development, 2015). â€Å"This will change Brisbane s CBD, but the construction means thousands of jobs - some 3,000 jobs during construction, and 8,000 ongoing jobs. I am very excited for the proposal of the project and we know what this means for Brisbane.† Premier Annastacia Palaszczuk said (Echo wins approval for multimillion dollar waterfront casino development in Brisbane, 2015). Eight thousand employment opportunities will beShow MoreRelated(Company Analysis) Kathmandu Holdings Limited5938 Words   |  24 Pagesstrong margins. In 2003/2004, Kathmandu commenced its UK initiative (where it now has six stores) as well as launching basecamp in New Zealand – the Company.s dedicated family camping equipment offering. In 2006, Kathmandu was acquired by a consortium of private equity funds and subsequently a new management team was introduced. Since the acquisition, Kathmandu has invested heavily in its business platform, including staff, IT infrastructure and distribution capacity, and its store footprint

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

The Grass Eaters Response free essay sample

The Grass Eaters is a short story written by Krishnan Varma that took place in Calcutta, India in 1985. The author wrote about Ajit Babu and his wife Swapna, a couple left their home city running from the war between Muslims and Hindus. The poor family is struggling to find a better place to live secure and stable and suffering to survive on the poor pension they gets. Ajit Babu’s family had a lot of difficulties to find a better place to live running from a war between Muslims and Hindus. First, when they came to Calcutta they had no place to stay. The couple were looking for more stable, more secure and more private home, therefore they were forced to live in a different places starting from a very crowded foot path â€Å"if you got up at night to relieve yourself you could not be sure of finding your place again† p167, moving to an abandoned wagon at the railway terminus and ending in an old pipe. We will write a custom essay sample on The Grass Eaters Response or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Ajit Babu is an optimist person who always sees the bright side. Thus, he still happy with his life despite of loosing his four children and living a miserable life. Motivated by his pregnant wife Ajit Babu was searching for better place to live in order to provide stability, security, privacy and comfort. Ajit Babu is a retired teacher and his wife does not work, the pension they get from the government is not enough for anything.Theycannot even fulfill the daily basic needs. Therefore, they are trying to economize the money; they are feeding on boiled grass mixed with spices instead of normal food, collecting pieces of coal from the railway track and eat rice gruel when the prices get higher. Moreover, the poor man is eating less and less food every day. Despite their horrible life with no home and no food moving from a place to other looking for safety and stability. However, Ajit Babu still happy to have something to eat and a son that could do their funeral rites when they die believing in the next reincarnation and that his could be born again into a higher state.

Friday, April 17, 2020

Why Johnny Can’t Add The Failure of the New Mathematics. Morris Kline. Random House Essay Example

Why Johnny Can’t Add: The Failure of the New Mathematics. Morris Kline. Random House Essay Morris Kline in his book Why Johnny Can’t Add: the Failure of the New Mathematics discusses issues regarding modern mathematics. He argues that modern mathematics merely introduces further confusion in the way mathematics is taught even though it was formed to correct errors in the traditional way that mathematics was taught.The book starts with a catchy introduction about how mathematics is taught using the new curriculum. Mr. Kline clearly drives home the point that modern mathematics confuses those who are taught under this curriculum. He mentions a teacher teaching mathematical concepts to students. Yet even though the teacher introduces many concepts during his lecture, he only leaves the students more confused than before he started the lecture.Mr. Kline mentions that traditional mathematics has its share of faults which prompted the move for the mathematics teaching reform. He stresses that traditional mathematics stresses on mechanical ways of solving problems instead of making students understand, which should be the goal in all types of teaching. Students end up memorizing steps and proofs without really understanding what the point was in solving mathematical problems.Further on he discusses the origins and evolution of the new mathematics. Mr. Kline’s exposition on the subject is detailed and comprehensive despite the fact that he mentions only the contribution of only a few groups which were committed to revamp the traditional curriculum. Many other groups contributed to the work that ultimately became modern mathematics, but the author argues that these works tended to be imitations of each other. Thus these groups can be considered to form a single movement that produced modern mathematics.In the succeeding chapter, modern mathematics is shown to be ineffective as a substitute for traditional mathematics. Whereas in the traditional method learners of mathematics mostly relied on rote memory, modern mathematics more often than not ju st confuse its learners. The author made his point very clear with his exposition on the deductive approach to solving problems.The deductive approach relied too much on rules and logic.   This might be a good thing if the rules were at least made clear beforehand, but modern mathematics did not properly define such rules. The learner is also faced with a ton of them to use.   Such structure based on rules and logic is then contrasted to the fact that the masters of mathematics from antiquity up to more recent times relied on intuition in solving mathematical problems. Modern mathematics in effect leaves the learner to memorize proofs instead of really understanding concepts thus defeating the purpose for which modern mathematics was made.Other problems the author exposes in the book with regard to modern mathematics are rigor and language.   It seems that modern mathematics is obsessed with making problems that have to be solved by as much rigor as possible. It is also obsess ed with trying to make problems as rigid as they can come with respect to language. It makes it a point to leave no room for ambiguities. At this part, it can be seen that the author has a keen way of showing the absurdity of such an assumption. Students end up being more confused. Readability and even comprehensibility of mathematics texts are sacrificed. With such language the author argues that only experts would understand the text, but such texts are forced into novices.The insular way of promoting mathematics is also a point in the author’s case against modern mathematics. Mathematics divorced itself from fields where it is being useful. The author expresses alarm at this trend by arguing that students have become less appreciative of the subject. They don’t see math applied to relevant situations. The situation is further aggravated by the introduction of new concepts such as set theory, matrices, symbolic logic, abstract algebra, and congruence. Such subjects a re used almost purely in the study of pure mathematics unadulterated by fields such as engineering and astronomy!Formulators of the new mathematics curriculum did this in an attempt to present mathematics in a logical and orderly manner. Yet the author argues to his readers that what this does is just further confuse learners under this new curriculum.Nevertheless, the strongest argument Mr. Kline has against modern mathematics is the way it was developed and eventually accepted. There were no experiments to test whether the new curriculum would be better than the old or traditional curriculum. They were directly imposed upon students. Nevertheless, Mr. Kline does admit that testing for positive results or even negative results of the teaching modern mathematics can be difficult. Courses that claim to be modern may just be mixtures of traditional and modern concepts. Only â€Å"smart† students may have been enrolled under the new mathematics while those who were not as smart were left with the traditional method.The author, however, points out criticism from those who worked with the development of new mathematics to clamor for a change in how mathematics is to be taught. To give a darker tone to the new mathematics curriculum, the author mentions ulterior motives. Teachers who may have struggled with topics suddenly see easy and logical proofs as teaching tools. This may seem easy to them who have some mathematics background, but it may not be the same case for first time learners. Teachers who wanted to be recognized began writing modern mathematics textbooks. Publishers who wanted to profit from the controversy joined in. Soon there was no turning back. Students are now stuck with modern mathematics.The book shows that the author was passionate in his campaign for a reform in the teaching of mathematics. The traditional methods were not sufficient. Thus it was replaced by the new mathematics curriculum. Yet the new mathematics still did not make the cut. In fact it merely added more confusion in the teaching of mathematics. His use of exposition plus some sarcasm and good natured humor and common sense forms an informative and interesting text.The text also makes readers into thinkers. In a world where modern mathematics has largely replaced traditional mathematics, one is left wondering with many questions after reading the book. What if I learned mathematics in the traditional way? Could I have loved math then? Should we reform modern mathematics as Mr. Kline argues in the book? Would it even make a difference if the way of teaching mathematics is to be reformed? Would there come a time when ordinary students would eventually love math?Yet in conclusion, even though the book is almost light in its approach to the subject, it does it with a readability that warrants attention to its arguments.

Friday, March 13, 2020

An Overview of My Cousin Vinny essays

An Overview of My Cousin Vinny essays The movie, My Cousin Vinny, was a perfect mixture of court room drama with slap stick comedy. Though the elements of criminal justice and court room policies and procedures deviated somewhat from reality, the movie incited constructive debate for years to come. In the movie, Bill and Stan are pulled over and arrested. They had inadvertently taken a can of tuna without paying for it and they thought they were being arrested for shoplifting but little did they know, that was far from the case. The first thing that I noticed during the arrest is that the sheriff had his weapon pulled. The sheriff was arresting them because he thought they had committed a felony. He had every right to have his weapon drawn in this case. During the initial arrest Bill and Stan were not informed about what crime they had been arrested for, which they should have been. Once the young men were transported to the police station they were still not read their Miranda rights but they were asked if they knew th eir rights prior to being interrogated by the sheriff. After a few misleading questions and an obviously coerced confession they were made aware of what they were being accused of. Bill and Stan get implicated as suspects in a murder case. The booking process was unconventional at best, downright illegal at worst. The movie did not show whether or not they were formally booked which consists of positive identification, being informed of the charges against them and providing fingerprints and photographs. They were given the one phone call that they were entitled to which they used to call family members and get legal representation. Then they were placed in a state corrections holding facility where they would remain for the duration of the trial. The proceedings take place in an Alabama court. Vinny, Bills lawyer cousin comes from New York to defend Bill and Stan as a favor to their family. The case involves the murder of a convenience store clerk ...

Wednesday, February 26, 2020

SCHOOL FINANCE BUDGET REDUCTION PLAN AND JUSTIFICATION Essay

SCHOOL FINANCE BUDGET REDUCTION PLAN AND JUSTIFICATION - Essay Example It is the duty of the principal to go back to their respective campuses and then collaborate with their school leadership teams in order to develop a comprehensive plan regarding how to accomplish such budgetary reductions from their existing operating budget. The objective of the study is to plan the budget cut from given information and justify the items chosen to remove or reduce from the school budget in order to meet the district requirements. Budget Reduction Plan The most challenging task of budget cut is to determine the primary sources of revenues and expenditure and then to allocate scarce resources according to requirements. It is general that in a high school, the majority of school budget is allocated towards the benefits and compensations of their staff. In such a scenario it is very important to keep in mind that any significant reduction in the compensation of core teachers and most important staff might lead to de-motivation of staffs and unrest in the campuses. In order to avoid such disputes, the rest of the budget allocations have to be re-planned and prioritized in such a manner so as to help the districts meet goals and standards of the students’ academic performance (Williamson, 2011, pp.1-5). The annual budget is a statement of expenditures and revenues that are likely in a high school during the fiscal. It has to be determined at a prior stage whether the school would have enough funds to pay for the necessary activities by ensuring optimum resource allocation matching school priorities. The budget has to be realistic in the sense that all items of reduction have to be justified to respective departments when cuts will be introduced. All minute details must be highlighted such as any probable error in estimating teaching staff requirements in case any staff leaves the school. Also, it must be ensured that all regulatory and statutory requirements have been complied with. A realistic school budget will ensure financial stability by lowering financial crisis risk during the year; educational excellence by hiring the best teachers available at attractive packages; and reputation and image of school reflected from the relationship between the authority, pupils, and staffs. T he first stage of budget reduction plan is to identify the primary sources of revenues and expenditures (Hechinger Institute, 2011, pp.1-9). Identification of Primary Sources of Revenues The expenditures of a high school are generally divided into three categories namely, salaries and employee benefits, materials and supplies and capital expenditures. In addition, the states also collect expenditure data of school by transportation, operations, debt service and maintenance. It is important to note that the schools hire instructional staffs, custodians, and cafeteria workers in addition to licensed staff members such as administration and teaching staffs, librarian, counselors, etc. Thus, the biggest expenditures in a school are consumed by the personnel. During the 1950s, the teachers’ constituted almost 74% of total school staff and the numbers have been reducing since then as the percentage of instructional staff has been increasing. In the 20th century the percentage of te achers dropped by almost 33% and they have been replaced by instructional aides. The teachers’ salaries are compensated by most districts under single salary schedule where teachers are compensated on the basis of their educational level and total years of experience in teaching profession (Serwach